Transport and accumulation in biological systems.

by E. J. Harris

Publisher: Academic Press in New York

Written in English
Published: Pages: 279 Downloads: 105
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  • Biological transport.,
  • Cells -- Permeability.
  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliography.

    LC ClassificationsQH601 .H3 1960
    The Physical Object
    Pagination279 p.
    Number of Pages279
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL5801353M
    LC Control Number60014871

The book also introduces the three fundamental transport coefficients: the friction factor, the heat transfer coefficient, and the mass transfer coefficient in the context of boundary layer theory. The final chapter covers the basics of radiative heat transfer, including concepts such as blackbodies, graybodies, radiation shields, and enclosures. Various kinds of mineralization have been found in many biological systems. Investigations made at a microscopical level using various sophisticated analytical methods and using principles developed in different fields have clarified their mechanisms very much. Sometimes, very similar phenomena. Journal of Plant Physiology () — REVIEW K+ transport in plants: Physiology and molecular biology Mark W. Szczerbab,, Dev T. Brittoa, Herbert J. Kronzuckera aDepartment of Biological Sciences, University of Toronto, Military Trail, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M1C 1A4 bDepartment of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, 1 Shields Ave., Davis, CA , USA. Cellular transport and selective accumulation of potentially toxic xenobiotics Xenobiotics often exert their toxic effects inside a cell, implying that the uptake of such compounds involves transport across the plasma membrane.

Solute Transport in Biological Systems Description of solute transport in biological systems Capillary properties Capillary flowrates Solute diffusion Fick's first and second law Mass transfer in laminar boundary layer flow over a flat plate Mass transfer from the walls of a tube containing a fluid in laminar. Manganese is an essential element for plants, intervening in several metabolic processes, mainly in photosynthesis and as an enzyme antioxidant-cofactor. Nevertheless, an excess of this micronutrient is toxic for plants. Mn phytotoxicity is manifested in a reduction of biomass and photosynthesis, and biochemical disorders such as oxidative by:   Transport Canada has the responsibility and authority to propose and enforce laws and regulations to ensure safe, secure, efficient and clean transportation. As a department, Transport Canada is responsible for administering acts and regulations, and for implementing government-wide regulatory initiatives: The department is responsible for. Such is not the case with 2,4 DNP. Stopping oxidative phosphorylation by destroying the proton gradient allows electron transport to continue unabated (it actually stimulates it), since the proton gradient cannot build no matter how much electron transport runs. Consequently, electron transport runs like crazy but oxidative phosphorylation stops.

  Biological Nitrogen Fixation is a comprehensive two volume work bringing together both review and original research articles on key topics in nitrogen fixation. Chapters across both volumes emphasize molecular techniques and advanced biochemical analysis approaches applicable to various aspects of biological nitrogen fixation. Contents Preface Notation 1 INTRODUCTION Review of units and dimensions Units Fundamental dimensions Mass and weight Temperature Mole Derived dimensional quantities Pressure Volume Equations of state Dimensional equation Tips for solving engineering problems Conservation of mass Law of . Passive transport and active transport across a cell membrane article. This is the currently selected item. How do things move across a cell membrane? Passive Transport by Facilitated Diffusion. Diffusion and osmosis. Glomerular filtration in the nephron. Sodium-potassium pump. Fate and Prediction of Environmental Chemicals in Soils, Plants, and Aquatic Systems focuses on the chemical persistence and ecotoxicological behavior of Plants, And Aquatic Systems book. By Mohammed Mansour. Edition 1st Edition. First Published eBook Published 6 February adsorption, absorption, accumulation, degradation Cited by:

Transport and accumulation in biological systems. by E. J. Harris Download PDF EPUB FB2

Transport and accumulation in biological systems. New York, Academic Press, (OCoLC) Online version: Harris, E.J. (Eric James), Transport and accumulation in biological systems. New York, Academic Press, (OCoLC) Online version: Harris, E.J.

(Eric James), Transport and accumulation in biological systems. Transport and accumulation in biological systems. London, Butterworths; Baltimore, University Park Press [] (OCoLC) Online version: Harris, E.J.

(Eric James), Transport and accumulation in biological systems. London, Butterworths; Baltimore, University Park Press [] (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors. Transport and accumulation in biological systems [E.

Harris] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying : E. Harris. Transport and Accumulation in Biological Systems, 2nd Edition; [Harris, E. J., ] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Transport and Accumulation in Biological Systems, 2nd Edition;Author: Harris, E.

Applications of membrane computing in systems and synthetic biology / Published: () An introduction to biological membranes: from bilayers to rafts / by: Stillwell, William.

Published: () The journal of membrane biology. The book further tackles citrate transport by Bacillus subtilis; leucine transport in Escherichia coli; and the transport mechanism in isolated bacterial cytoplasmic membrane vesicles.

Transport and accumulation in biological systems. book Biochemists, microbiologists, pharmacologists, physiologists, and people involved in enzyme and metabolic research will find the book. Manganese import, transport, accumulation, sensing and control pathways are important for all organisms, and of unique importance for oxygenic photosynthetic organisms due to their role in the.

Modeling of Microscale Transport in Biological Processes provides a compendium of recent advances in theoretical and computational modeling of biotransport phenomena at the microscale.

The simulation strategies presented range from molecular to continuum models and consider both numerical and exact solution method approaches to coupled systems of equations.

Intracellular Transport is a collection of papers that examines the processes of and the mechanisms underlying intracellular transport. One paper describes that all active transport processes in the amoeba are intracellular and depend on dynamic transformations of membrane into.

The book Water-Quality Engineering in Natural Systems. Fate and Transport Processes in the Water Environment by David A.

Chin presents the tools and concepts required for water-quality control in natural waters. These include an understanding of water-quality criteria, the fundamentals of fate and transport in natural waters, estimation of File Size: KB.

The key features of the book are related to metal transporters and metal accumulation mechanisms under heavy metal stress in plants, plant transcriptional regulation and responses under metal.

The book discusses the fundamentals of transport processes occurring in natural environments, with special emphasis on working at the biological–physical interface.

It considers transport and kinetics in terms of systems that involve microorganisms, along with in-depth coverage of particles, size spectra, and calculations for particles that. The normal concentration range for each metal in biological systems is narrow, with both deficiencies and excesses causing pathological changes.

In multicellular organisms, composed of a variety of specialized cell types, the storage of transition metals and the synthesis of the transporter molecules are not carried out by all types of cells.

This book presents a state of the art review on the analysis of a wide variety of transport systems from bacteria and eukaryotic cells.

A selection has been made of those systems that have been studied at the molecular level with special emphasis paid Book Edition: 1. Although a detailed presentation of examples of the known transport properties of essential transition-metal ions into various biological systems could be the subject of a large book, the examples that we have given show how the underlying inorganic chemistry of the elements is used in the biological transport systems that are specific for them.

Transport of such molecules and ions across all cellular membranes is mediated by transport proteins associated with the underlying bilayer. Because different cell types require different mixtures of low-molecular-weight compounds, the plasma membrane of each cell type contains a specific set of transport proteins that allow only certain ions Cited by: 9.

Thus, transport problems derived for environmental systems focus on making transport calculations in highly heterogeneous, and often poorly defined, environments. The unique focus of this environmental transport text is on the biological and physical interface. Environmental engineers often seem to focus on biological systems.

Primary active transport, also called direct active transport, directly uses metabolic energy to transport molecules across a membrane. Substances that are transported across the cell membrane by primary active transport include metal ions, such as Na +, K +, Mg 2+, and Ca 2+.These charged particles require ion pumps or ion channels to cross membranes and distribute through the body.

In engineering, physics and chemistry, the study of transport phenomena concerns the exchange of mass, energy, charge, momentum and angular momentum between observed and studied it draws from fields as diverse as continuum mechanics and thermodynamics, it places a heavy emphasis on the commonalities between the topicsmomentum, and heat transport all share a.

Steady­state: accumulation=0. In today’s case, species isn’t generated or consumed inside the glass, so in–out=0.

(Monday: generation by homogeneous chemical reaction.) 1­D: concentration varies only in one direction. My style: start with a motivating example, introduce the File Size: KB. Crans D, Smee JJ, Gaidamauskas E, Yang L () The chemistry of vanadium and the biological activities exerted by vanadium compounds.

Chem Rev – PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar Domingo JL, Llobet JM, Tomas JM, Corbella J () Influence of chelating agents on the toxicity, distribution and excretion of vanadium in by: 5.

Mass transfer by convection involves the transport of material between a boundary surface (such as solid or liquid surface) and a moving fluid or between two relatively immiscible, moving fluids.

Don’t confuse this phenomenon with the movement of mass caused by a chemical species simply being carried along in a fluid stream (advection). Figure 1. The electron transport chain is a series of electron transporters embedded in the inner mitochondrial membrane that shuttles electrons from NADH and FADH 2 to molecular oxygen.

In the process, protons are pumped from the mitochondrial matrix to the intermembrane space, and oxygen is reduced to form water. Book Description. The fourth edition of Transport Phenomena Fundamentals continues with its streamlined approach to the subject, based on a unified treatment of heat, mass, and momentum transport using a balance equation approach.

The new edition includes more worked examples within each chapter and adds confidence-building problems at the end of each chapter. ORGANIC CONTAMINANTS IN SEDIMENTS: BIOLOGICAL PROCESSES 7 is the measurement of biological markers in macroinvertebrates and fish col- lected from contaminated areas.

In this approach, it is the biochemical or physiological expression of contaminant exposure and effect (e.g., genotoxic. @article{osti_, title = {Accumulation of nitrate}, author = {Not Available}, abstractNote = {Some forms of nitrogen can be toxic to animals.

Methemoglobinemia in infants has been related to a high level of nitrate in drinking water. The possibility that some forms of nitrogen may combine to form the extremely carcinoginic class of compounds called nitrosamines is particularly disturbing.

Introduction. The coexistence of transbilayer diffusion and carrier-mediated transport as two main mechanisms by which small-molecule drugs cross intact cell and organelle membranes is a generally accepted concept[].Recently, this consensus was challenged by a systems biology group, which hypothesized that all transmembrane transport of drugs requires the use of transporters, and no Cited by: 6.

Pro accumulation in plants is a well-documented physiological response to osmotic stress caused by drought or salinity. In Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), the stress and ABA-induced Δ1-PYRROLINECARBOXYLATE SYNTHETASE1 (P5CS1) gene was previously shown to control Pro biosynthesis in such adverse conditions.

To identify regulatory factors that control the transcription of Cited by: @article{osti_, title = {Environmental mercury problem}, author = {D'Itri, F.M.}, abstractNote = {The urgent need to eliminate or greatly reduce the discharge of mercury into the environment is paramount to the health and well being of man.

That all forms of mercury are hazardous is widely recognized, but what is more devastating to our society is that all forms of mercury appear to. Abstract. The cyanobacteria use ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RuBisCo) as the first enzyme of photosynthetic CO 2 fixation (Codd and Marsden ; Tabita ).

This enzyme uses CO 2 as its substrate (Filmer and Cooper ) and does so with surprisingly poor efficiency (Andrews and Lorimer ). For example, the enzyme from cyanobacteria has a K m (CO 2) of about µM and a Cited by: 8.

ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about Electron Transport System (ETS) in living organisms. Catabolism of energy-giving substrates (mostly glucose) up to the stage of pyruvic acid through EMP or EDP yields comparatively small amount of energy in the form of ATP by substrate-level phosphorylation.

The anaerobic organisms have to be satisfied with this [ ].Iron Overload and Lipid Peroxidation in Biological Systems. By Paula M. González, Natacha E.

Piloni and Susana Puntarulo. Submitted: November 12th Reviewed: April 24th Published: August 29th DOI: /Cited by: A membrane is a selective barrier; it allows some things to pass through but stops others.

Such things may be molecules, ions, or other small particles. Biological membranes include cell membranes (outer coverings of cells or organelles that allow passage of certain constituents); nuclear membranes, which cover a cell nucleus; and tissue membranes, such as mucosae and serosae.